Legislation/Second Charter

From Conifer Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Second Charter of Conifer
Restructures the government of Conifer and serves as the second constitution
Current Status In Force
Passed on 31st December 2018
Authored by Vyutsk

The Second Charter of Conifer is the current constitutional document of Conifer. It was written by Vyutsk to replace the earlier First Charter (also written by Vyutsk).

Overview[edit]

The most significant change of the Second Charter is in the structure of the government. The positions of Communications Secretary and Culture Secretary are renamed to Speaker and Chief of Culture respectively, the Speaker and Chief of Culture are now elected positions instead of being appointed by the Premier, and the Premier, Speaker and Chief of Culture now all get their own Shadow to assist them.

The Second Charter also introduced the completely new Regional Commissioner, who is supposed to be neutral for all intents and purposes.

Legislation Text[edit]

States[edit]

1.[edit]

A resident is a nation that resides in Conifer. Residents shall be granted the following rights:

  1. Freedom of speech, of peaceful association/assembly;
  2. Freedom from incriminating themselves and from being tried twice for the same crime;
  3. Right to being informed of requested Rulings involving them.
  4. Freedom from being incriminated due to ex post facto legislation or any attainder bill.
  5. Right to fair and reasonably fast hearing and judgement in any legal proceedings and to the presumption of innocence.
  6. Right to view the full text of any Motion that is being voted on or has passed in the Regional Council, and of the Second Charter of Conifer.

2.[edit]

A voting state is a resident that has resided in Conifer for 42 days continuously, is a puppet of a disclosed World Assembly (WA) member, and has received approval for becoming a voting state from at least 3 officials.

3.[edit]

A member state is a resident that has resided in Conifer for 5 days continuously and that is a member of the WA.

Officials[edit]

4.[edit]

Officials are member states. No member state may serve as more than one official.

5.[edit]

The Founder is Vyutsk.

6.[edit]

The Premier is an elected official responsible for:

  1. Voting on WA resolutions as Conifer’s WA Delegate;
  2. Appointing officers in-game in a rightful manner;
  3. Conducting any necessary regional intelligence;
  4. Maintaining embassies and relations with other regions;
  5. Appointing ambassadors to regions or organisations;
  6. Managing any other issues regarding foreign affairs and regional security;
  7. Assigning specific additional tasks to the Speaker and Chief of Culture if so necessary.

7.[edit]

The Speaker is an elected official responsible for:

  1. Conducting core procedures of the Regional Council of Conifer;
  2. Regulating all regional communications;
  3. Recruiting for the region.

8.[edit]

The Chief of Culture is an elected official responsible for organising events, occasions and activities in Conifer and otherwise increasing user engagement.

9.[edit]

The Chancellor is an elected official responsible for conducting core procedures of the Central Court of Conifer, including issuing Rulings.

10.[edit]

The Shadow Premier is an official appointed by the Premier, tasked with assisting the Premier with their responsibilities, excluding those described in 6a and 6b.

11.[edit]

The Shadow Speaker is an official appointed by the Speaker, responsible for assisting the Speaker in their responsibilities.

12.[edit]

The Shadow Chief is an official appointed by the Chief of Culture, responsible for assisting the Chief of Culture in their responsibilities.

13.[edit]

The Regional Commissioner is an official appointed by the Chancellor, responsible for:

  1. Maintaining regional data, statistics and judicial/legislative archives;
  2. Conducting all elections;
  3. Substituting for the Chancellor in their responsibilities if the Chancellor has a conflict of interest regarding a Ruling.

Regional Council[edit]

14.[edit]

The Regional Council is an institution with the exclusive right to pass Motions.

15.[edit]

A Motion is legislation submitted by a group of 2 Member States, that may be used as follows:

  1. To amend or replace this Second Charter of Conifer;
  2. To create rules or laws besides the Second Charter of Conifer, without over-ruling it;
  3. To establish any new regional institutions or positions aside from officials;
  4. To ratify treaties or enter inter-regional organisations or institutions;
  5. To, with good intent, remove an official from their position.
  6. To amend a 15b/15c Motion or repeal a 15b/15c/15d Motion.

16.[edit]

All Voting States and Member States shall have the right to vote ‘For’ or ‘Against’ a Motion, with 15a/15e Motions requiring ⅔ approval, and other motions requiring majority approval.

17.[edit]

15a Motions shall have a 7 day debate period with 1-2 debating events & a 7 day voting period, whilst all other Motions shall have a 3 day debate period with 1 debating event & a 5 day voting period.

Central Court[edit]

18.[edit]

The Central Court is an institution with the exclusive right to issue Rulings.

19.[edit]

A Ruling is a decision regarding the legality of the following:

  1. A 15b/15c/15d/15e Motion.
  2. Actions of states.
  3. Any hypothetical scenario.

20.[edit]

Any resident has the right to request a Ruling.

21.[edit]

A 19a Ruling may repeal the Motion in question or a part of said Motion.

22.[edit]

A 19b Ruling may involve consequences for the involved, including the following:

  1. Ejection or a temporary or permanent ban from the region.
  2. Blocking a state from using modes of communication in Conifer or from taking part in specific regional occasions temporarily or permanently.
  3. Removing an official from their position.
  4. Forcing any of the aforementioned consequences upon a repeat offence.

Elections[edit]

23.[edit]

A Premier election is organised every 4 months - in April, August and December.

24.[edit]

A Speaker election and Chief of Culture election are simultaneously organised 2 weeks after every Premier election.

25.[edit]

A Chancellor election is organised 2 months after every Premier election - in February, June and October.

26.[edit]

All elections shall have a 7 day period for candidacy announcements, where eligible nations are allowed to run, unless they’re already running in another election being held simultaneously, and a 7 day voting period.

27.[edit]

All Voting States and Member States are eligible to vote.

28.[edit]

A full preferential voting system shall be used for all elections, and a “look for other candidates” option shall be available to voters if there are less than 2 candidates.

State of Emergency[edit]

29.[edit]

A State of Emergency is a special state where all Motions and the Second Charter of Conifer excluding 30. and 31. are no longer considered in force.

30.[edit]

A State of Emergency may be called by any official and may be cancelled by a group of 4 officials.

Regarding[edit]

31.[edit]

Reg. #2. and #3., a state shall not lose their status of Voting State or Member State if they cease to exist or leave the region, but return within 3 days.

32.[edit]

Reg. #3., the Founder shall always be considered a Member State even if they don’t fulfill the requirements for being a Member State.

33.[edit]

Reg. #4., if an Official appoints another Official, they may also replace or fire this Official, though, to replace or fire the Regional Commissioner, approval from the Founder is required.

34.[edit]

Reg. #4., if an Official resigns or fails to fulfill the requirements for holding their role for over 3 days, their position shall be considered vacant unless otherwise specified in #36., #37., #38. or #39.

35.[edit]

Reg. #4., Officials shall be subjected to the following term limits:

  1. A member state may not serve in an office for longer than 12 months continuously, after which they may not return to that office for at least 4 months, with an office being defined as a collection of two officials - the Premier, Speaker or Chief of Culture and the official they appoint;
  2. A member state may not be elected to serve as Premier, Speaker, Chief of Culture or Chancellor more than two times in a row.

36.[edit]

Reg. #10., the Shadow Premier shall become the Premier pro tem if the Premier resigns or fails to fulfill the requirements for holding the role for over 3 days. If both positions become vacant, the Founder appoints a new Premier.

37.[edit]

Reg. #11., the Shadow Speaker shall become the Speaker pro tem if the Speaker resigns or fails to fulfill the requirements for holding the role for over 3 days. If both positions become vacant, the Founder appoints a new Speaker.

38.[edit]

Reg. #12., the Shadow Chief shall become the Chief of Culture pro tem if the Chief of Culture resigns or fails to fulfill the requirements for holding the role for over 3 days. If both positions become vacant, the Founder appoints a new Chief of Culture.

39.[edit]

Reg. #13., the Regional Commissioner shall become the Chancellor pro tem if the Chancellor resigns or fails to fulfill the requirements for holding the role for over 3 days. If both positions become vacant, the Founder appoints a new Chancellor.

40.[edit]

Reg. #13., for all intents and purposes, the Regional Commissioner shall be considered unaffiliated with and independent from any other official, except in the case of alleged election fraud involving the Regional Commissioner.

41.[edit]

Reg. #13b, these responsibilities shall be fulfilled by the Founder if the position of Regional Commissioner is vacant or the Regional Commissioner has a conflict of interest.

42.[edit]

Reg. #13c, these responsibilities shall be fulfilled by the Founder if both the Chancellor and the Regional Commissioner have a conflict of interest.

43.[edit]

Reg. #24., this election must also be held upon the passage of the Second Charter of Conifer.

44.[edit]

Reg. #28., if there are no candidates, the start of the voting period shall be delayed until a member state announces their candidacy.

45.[edit]

Reg. #28., if an election ends in a tie, the Founder shall break that tie.